American League Park

The Magic Behind The Name

American League Park-I

American League Park I

As I researched the history of "The Oldest baseball Stadiums" I ran across "American League Park" and found that there seemed to be some type of Magic behind the Stadium's name.

It was one of the first baseball stadiums built for Professional Baseball (Now the MLB). The stadium was built on May 1, 1891 and served as the blue print for a series of Baseball Cathedrals that would crop up across Americas' Northeast.

These parks were designed specifically to grow the game of Baseball and were affectionately referred to as Jewel Boxes.  These Jewel Boxes  were the Cash Registers for the game of "Baseball".

When built the Park actually carried the name "League Park" but it was not the only stadium to carried the same name. The original Park, is known by most historians as "American League Park I".

It was built in Washington DC at the corner of Florida Avenue and Trinidad Avenue, NE. and was home field for the Washington Senators from the 1901 season through the 1903 season.

American League Park-New York

American League Park-New York, City

But there was another park that carried the name American League Park but it was built in New York City. This park was nick named "Hill Top Park" and was built in New York's Washington Heights neighborhood.  Hilltop Park sat on the block bounded by Broadway, 165th Street, Fort Washington Avenue, and 168th Street.

I was confused and questioned, how does two stadiums end up carrying the same name but located in two different parts of the country? It was even more confusing knowing the importance the "Baseball Field" to Baseball Team Owners.

The answer can be found in how the game of baseball was marketed. While Google did not exist at the time, every baseball park had a name and Club Owners used it to market their ballparks. That name was essentially a "Key Word" and baseball's Key Word was "League Park" and it was used to brand many of these new and emerging stadiums. 

When I say that the North East was a hot bed for baseball and ball parks, I mean it was a Hot Bed.Starting with the formation of the the NABBP (National Association of Base Ball Playersas its governing body, Baseball became a professional sport and the business of baseball  needed more space to showcase this new business.

By the end of 1865, almost 100 clubs were members of the organization and by the end of 1867, it had over 400 members, including some clubs from as far away as San Francisco and Louisiana. There was over 28 Ball Parks built between 1871 through 1901 and each owner and ball club was competing  for Fans.

The Baker Bowl

The National League also had its version of "League Park" and it was called National League Park but was later dubbed "The Baker Bowl".

Baseball in the Northeast flourished as the nation's population migrated in search of work opportunities fueled by the growth of the Automotive, Mining  and Industrial industries.

Ohio and Pennsylvania shared in the flurry of baseball activity and both states were home to teams from both American League and National league teams. 

The Fraternity of Baseball Team Owners was a select group of Business Men with substantial means and included entrepreneur's like Charles Comiskey, Albert Spalding, Barney Dryfuss and William L. Wrigley Jr. Each of them marketed their clubs using their clubs name ("Key Word") to invite fans to the park.

The owners of today's most successful retailers, EBay, Amazon and Wal-Mart, all market their products using similar key words and built their businesses around it. Baseball did the same thing and built their new business around the keyword "League Park" and it was used in the name of many of the parks built during that period in Baseball History.

So the Magic grew out of the intense competition between "A" Type personalities determined to be at the top of the heap. The results was a group of spectacular Ball Parks that shaped the way that enjoy the game of baseball and it all started with the key word "League Park".

ball parks of the past

20 of the first, mlb, CATHEDRALS 

Where the growth of baseball started

Washington DC

  • American League Park 1-1901


  • Lloyd Street Grounds-Milwaukee, Wisconsin-1895


  • Orioles Park l-Baltimore,-Maryland-1882 
  • Orioles Park ll-Baltimore, Maryland-1890
  • Orioles Park lll-Baltimore, Maryland-1891
  • Orioles Park lV-Baltimore, Maryland-1901

New York

  • Polo Grounds 1-Manhattan, NY-1880
  • Washington Park I-Brooklyn, NY-1883
  • Polo Grounds II-Manhattan, NY-1889
  • Eastern Park-Brooklyn, NY- 1891
  • Polo Grounds III-Manhattan, NY-1891
  • Washington Park II-Brooklyn, NY-1893
  • Hill Top Park-Manhattan, NY-1903


  • South End Grounds                         Boston, Massachusetts 1871
  • Huntington Av. Grounds-Boston,-Massachusetts-1901


  • Kennard Street Park   Cleveland, Ohio-1879
  • League Park-Cleveland, Ohio-1891
  • National League Park-Cleveland, Ohio-1887
  • Palace of the Fans-Cincinnati, Ohio-1902


  • Bennett Park-Detroit Michigan-1896
  • Recreation Park-Detroit,-Michigan-1881


  • Robinson Field-St. Louis, Missouri-1893


  • National League Park-Philadelphia, PA.-1887
  • Exposition Park-Pittsburgh, PA.-1890
  • Columbia Park-Philadelphia, PA.-1901


  • West Side Park l-Chicago,-Illinois-1885
  • West Side Park ll-Chicago, Illinois-1893

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